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Article Title : Top Five Most Effective Communication Technologies that could be used in the Pacific Region: Review
Author Name : PHNwYW4gbGFuZz0iRU4tVVMiIGhlbHZldGljYSIsInNhbnMtc2VyaWYiOz0iIiBtc28tZmFyZWFzdC1mb250LWZhbWlseTpjYW1icmlhO21zby1mYXJlYXN0LXRoZW1lLWZvbnQ6bWlub3ItbGF0aW47bXNvLWFuc2ktbGFuZ3VhZ2U6PSIiIGVuLXVzO21zby1mYXJlYXN0LWxhbmd1YWdlOmVuLXVzO21zby1iaWRpLWxhbmd1YWdlOmFyLXNhIj0iIj48Zm9udCBzaXplPSIyIiBmYWNlPSJoZWx2ZXRpY2EiPiZuYnNwO01pY2hhZWwgS2FycmU8L2ZvbnQ+PC9zcGFuPjxicj4=
Artical Type : Review Article
Article ID : SPG-15-10447
Year : 2015
DOI Link :
Volume : 1
Issue : 1
Special Issue :
Journal Short Name : JEST
University Name : IIBIT Federation University
Country Name : 15
Received : 2015-11-02
Accepted : 2015-11-23
Published : 2015-11-30
Citation : Karre M (2015) Top five most effective communication technologies that could be used in the Pacific region: Jest 1:10447.
Description :

Mobile communication technologies


Mobile wireless technologies in Pacific area are communication solutions real time data exchange and management anytime anywhere. Wireless handheld devices is driving the demand for integrated wireless enterprise applications and turning to mobile wireless computing technologies to provide information that is literally at their people of location or connectivity [1].


Knowledge Management Solutions: Technology that is relies on efficient and meaningful knowledge transfer and capture of information in physical form one component of a knowledge management system. In the deployment of any knowledge management system, the way that knowledge is transferred, the environment in which the transfer occurs, and the level of abstraction at which it happens are all essential in ensuring effective knowledge management [2].


Positive and Negative of Mobile communication technologies: The communication by mobile technologies that is easier and must people using mobile technologies to help connecting people difference place difference time or same time , but on the other hand that more convenience and easier also service payment high up on with rate plane or distance as well [3].


Benefits of Knowledge: Adapting a knowledge management solution provides organizations and people with:


·  The ability to leverage intellectual capital, encouraging knowledge-sharing between people, employees, associates and customers.

·  Anywhere-anytime access to mission critical information, facilitating faster, more accurate business decision-making and improved customer service [4].

·  Ease of collaboration between people, employees and subject matter experts within or external to the organization, ensuring critical business issues are addressed quickly and efficiently [4].

·  The ability to identify knowledge gaps and enhance internal learning processes [4].

·  Reduced costs associated with intellectual rework by ensuring quick and easy access to relevant information [4].


Knowledge experts will take through a structured process to assess specific knowledge management requirements. Will design and customize each aspect of pacific area knowledge management system, manage the installation and implementation, and ensure effective knowledge transfer through people training for pacific area location [4].


VoIP technology in Asia pacific


Voice over IP (VoIP) platform in the Asia Pacific region is expected to grow up. The VoIP is attractive compared to, for example, international voice calls which are highly priced, New Zealand Telecom is the first in the world to offer VoIP phone-to-phone. Other service providers in Asia have followed with their own IP networks. They include Australia's Telstra. Industry experts suggested that Asian service providers offer these services to tap the VoIP potential in the region: corporate access and connectivity; dial-up access to households and small businesses; wholesale services, i.e. selling time on the network which is branded and resold; value-added services, e.g. virtual private networks, e-commerce, IP telephony and fax services. [5]     

Positive and Negative of VoIP:  New technologies have often been a two-edged sword for people with disabilities.  For example, the computers graphical user interface offered improved access for people with cognitive impairments, but originally excluded people who could not see the icons on the screen or manipulate the mouse.  It may be the same with VoIP; certainly the policy air is filled with panics and panegyrics. [5]


·     Technology allows quick introduction of new products and flexibility to meet customer needs, from Calling Card Customers to Call Centre Operators [6].

·     International telephone service in Asia Pacific is a very large, diverse, and growing market with rapidly increasing traffic volumes across all sectors [6,7].

·     Voice Minutes have become commoditized and there is not a legitimate reason for the cost of the commodity to vary greatly from one country to the next. VoIP is a disruptive, but equally disruptive technology [6].


Bluetooth Technology


Asian life will soon be touched by Bluetooth wireless technology more noticeably in mobile communications, computing and entertainment, but also in factories, hospitals and the automotive industry. The technology, currently shipping in three million products a week, worldwide, is expected to continue growth in volumes and applications [1]. As a priority, Asia Pacific Bluetooth community has the potential to make roads safer by cultivating a hands-free cell phone culture among motorists. Twelve regional nations and territories have already passed legislation against hazardous phone use behind the wheel, and the Bluetooth will help to push rollout of hands-free motoring further and wider across Asia Pacific [1].           


Bluetooth Further Positive and Negative: Using this approach, the smallest radius is intended to be used by the Bluetooth system. Bluetooth, originally pioneered by Ericsson, is so-called piconet architecture, intended to support a personal local network operating within a radius of a metre or so. It’s intended to replace all those self-tangling wires and the collection of different connectors that are a feature of today is electronics. Bluetooth can connect the earpiece to the phone, or the phone to the Personal Digital Assistant, or the laptop to a video projector or printer. Bluetooth operates at speeds up to 1Mbps in the 2.4 GHz band and uses an approach of ad hoc network cells of up to eight Bluetooth devices per cell [1]. Bluetooth is not a technology intended for use within a carrier network or as an access technology for ISPs. Instead, Bluetooth is seen as a way of integrating the functions of a number of personal devices, creating a “clip-on” architecture that uses the Bluetooth radio function as the “clip”. The major advantage of Bluetooth is its ability to create ad hoc personal area networks of diverse devices. Security folk may well argue that one of the major drawbacks of Bluetooth is its potential ability to create unintended ad hoc impersonal networks of diverse devices. More seriously, it’s not clear that there is a need for one distinct wireless technology for highly local networks and a different wireless technology for longer distance applications [1].


Wi-Fi Technologies


Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is a way to connect to the Internet without wires or cables. When using Wi-Fi technology, to connect wirelessly to a base station that provides the link to the Internet or other type of network. The next technology that is associated with the wireless Internet is that of Wi-Fi, the name given to the family of IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN technologies. 802.11 networks are not explicitly IP networks, but instead are an instance of the 802 Ethernet family technologies. To be a little more precise here, 802.11 is a wireless Ethernet rather than wireless IP. With an effective circumference of up to a kilometer or so, and a speed of up to 54Mps, the most obvious application of Wi-Fi is the home or office suite network. 802.11 operate at speeds up to 11Mbps in the 2.4 GHz band and 54Mbps in the 5 GHz band. The most common applications for Wi-Fi lie in wireless laptop and PDA networks. From its original application as a wire replacement office LAN technology, Wi-Fi networks are entering the ISP world, appearing as public access systems in airport lounges, coffee houses, hotel lobbies, and as public open space networks [1].


Wi-Fi Technologies Further Positive and Negative: The advantage of Wi-Fi lies in its immediate availability - this is not a technology based on various forms of technology futures, but a technology that is already on a sharp uptake curve with a solid customer base in place. So it’s fast, available today, it’s already being deployed, and proving to be popular. The increasing volume of deployment is increasing the volumes of manufacture, which, in turn, is already turning Wi-Fi into a relatively low priced consumer commodity technology. But it’s not all good news. The disadvantage of Wi-Fi is that it uses a common spread spectrum band, so that as the deployment of Wi-Fi networks becomes more common, so is the amount of crosstalk and bandwidth impairment [1]. For Wi-Fi one of the largest risks is that of massive popularity, in that overuse of the common spread spectrum band will cause impaired service. There is always the possibility of shifting to ever higher frequencies to alleviate this, but the issue here is that higher frequencies tend to have more limited propagation properties and reduced penetration, so that direct line of sight between the base station and the wireless device becomes necessary [1]


Net Meeting Video Technologies


The problem organizations face today is increased urgency in sales, service and support. This is not an easy problem to solve. The solution is a real-time communications channel designed to work in distributed enterprise environments. In order to propagate true real-time communications throughout the organization, it must first start with a reliable and scalable platform that allows all communications, including voice and video, to traverse the firewalls, Network Address Translators (NATs) and proxies most organizations have set up to secure and control the network. NetMeeting and a variety of classroom utilities were used for desktop sharing between employees. As the Internet became more popular, security became very important and physical IP addresses scarce. Firewalls and routers sprang up to solve these problems, but created another hundreds of peer-to-peer desktop sharing utilities such as NetMeeting and many others [2].


Net Meeting Video Technologies Positive and Negative: The platform can be used to quickly deliver information like alert messages to thousands of computers in seconds, even if those computers are spread around the world. It can be leveraged for creating a multi-point text chat or video conference with a group of people. Presence (knowing the availability and accessibility of others) can be easily transported across to real-time routing platform.

·       Increase office and interoffice communications [8].

·       Reduce support delays through rapid technical issues response

·       Protect proprietary information with advanced encryption and security

·       Work faster and more efficiently

·       Reduce meeting times, get quicker decisions

·       Easy to use, Outlook-style interface

·       Low total cost of ownership

Although this technologies requirement high performance such as computer high speed, more memory, support programs, high speed internet support and more accessories support that is not necessary in small business or normal people using and expensive technologies [4].

Keywords : Mobile communication technologies, VoIP technology; Bluetooth Technology; Wi-Fi Technologies; Net Meeting Video Technologies; Asia Pacific.
Abstract :

The Communication Technology in Asia Pacific has now become evident. Impacts of Information Communication Technology (ICT) on people’s everyday life and on societies of the region have pushed governments and the civil society in the region to design and implement adequate policy and decision-making on issues related to the development and transformation of Asian Pacific countries and areas in information societies. 

References :
1. Davies L, Harvey W (1994) Electronic Neighbourhoods: Communicating Power in Computer-Based Networks” from Green,         L., & Guinery, R., Eds., Framing Technology: Society Choice and Changes, Allen & Unwin.
2. Michael H Zack (1999) Managing Codified Knowledge.  Sloan Management Review 40: 45-58.
3. Carolyn N. Kinder (2007) The Physics of Cell Phones, Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute.
4. Melody W (1994) Electronic Networks, Social Relations and the Changing Structure of Knowledge. from Crowley, D. &         Mitchell, D., Eds, Communication Theory Today, Polity Press. 
5. Malik Kamal-saadi, Simon Sherrington, (2007) Mobile VOIP Impacting voice networks, devices & Business models in the         Caribbean Carribbean Telecoms briefing, Mark Newman.
6. Kleiman D (2004) Director Solutions Sales and Business Development Asia Pacific, USA.
7. Ackerman RK (2005) Pacific Island Prepares Communications to Withstand Nature's Wrath 60: 53 - 58.
8. Kaye M (1994) Contemporary Perspectives of Human communication. from Communication Management, Prentice Hall.

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